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Titan God of Forethought


After molding mankind from clay, and breathing life into them, he stole the gods' fire and gave it to his creations, despite the prohibition of the other gods. As punishment, Zeus chained Prometheus to a rock and sent an eagle to eat his eternally-regenerating liver every day.  Later, the hero Hercules frees Prometheus as one of his labors.


Roman name: Prometheus


Parents: Titans Iapetos and Klymene


Children: As the creator of mankind, all humans are his children on some level.  Famously, however, Prometheus fathers Deucalion, who survives the Great Flood that washes away the rest of a corrupt generation of men, and therefore becomes the progenitor of a long line of Greek kings.


Epithets: Chained One, Lofty-Minded

Prometheus Bound, by Nicolas-Sébastien Adam, 1745

Louvre Museum, Paris 

I know it's not from antiquity, but I couldn't resist including this spectacular representation of Prometheus getting his liver eaten by Zeus's eagle.  Check out the fallen torch at his feet.  My other favorite depiction, of course, is the less-tortured golden Prometheus statue overseeing the Rockefeller Center skating rink.

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