Kronos

Titan King of the Gods

 

With the help of his mother Gaia (the Earth), Kronos overthrows his father Ouranos (the Sky) by cutting off his testicles with a sickle.  Kronos becomes King of the Gods until overthrown in turn by Zeus, his son. (see Zeus for that story)  Kronos is imprisoned in the pit of Tartarus, but later let free and allowed to rule the Elysian Fields (the land of the blessed dead).   Because of his name's similarity to "khronos," or "time," he is often also considered the God of Time.  The Romans syncretized him with Saturn, an indigenous agricultural god, and made him one of the most important deities in their pantheon.

 

Roman name: Saturn

 

Parents: Gaia and Ouranos

 

Spouse and children: Married to his sister Rhea, who gives birth to Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus.

 

Attribute: sickle

 

Saturn

Vatican Museum

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